Sialolithiasis is a painful disorder of the salivary glands. It may cause pain, swelling and irritation in the mouth. The treatment for this condition includes anti-inflammatory drugs, analgesics and local anesthetics to relieve symptoms from discomforting sialoliths that form in the ducts of salivary glands. In some cases surgery can be required as well as cauterization.
 How is Sialolithiasis diagnosed?
Sialolithiasis – diagnosis is mainly based on physical examination by your physician or dentist professional who will inspect your teeth for any signs of inflammation or redness around the gums especially if they are sensitive to cold. Your physician will also arrange a thorough exam with x-rays to determine whether there are stones present inside your body.
 What causes Sialolithiasis?
In most people it occurs without apparent cause but has been associated with various medical conditions such as: malnutrition, trauma or infection that involves one’s teeth,, allergies (especially seasonal), drugs (especially corticosteroids; steroids; immunosuppressants; antibiotics; chemotherapeutic agents/chemotherapy) and degenerative diseases (e.g., Parkinson’s disease).. Some cases may be caused by certain infections like tuberculosis which can affect idiopathic sialolithosis patients